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Setting up Cloud-Native Observability on Kubernetes

Follow the instructions given below to set up a cloud-native observability solution in a Kubernetes environment.

To streamline the deployment of the cloud native observability solution in Kubernetes, WSO2 EI provides a Helm chart via which you can deploy the solution to your Kubernetes cluster. The deployment installs the relevant products and adds the required configurations. After the installation, you can directly use the observability solution with a very few additional configurations.

Prerequisites

Setting up the observability deployment

When you deployed the solution on a VM, you first set up the minimum deployment (with metrics monitoring capability) and then added log processing and message tracing capabilities (as add ons). However, when you deploy on Kubernetes, you must first select the required observability capabilities, and then deploy all the related technologies and configurations in one step.

Select the required deployment option from the following list and follow the instructions.

Option 1: Metrics Monitoring

The basic observability stack allows you to view metrics by installing and configuring Prometheus and Grafana. To install it, follow the steps below:

  1. Clone the Helm repository.

  2. Navigate to the home directory of the cloned repository.

  3. To install the basic deployment with the wso2-observability release name, issue the following command.

    helm install wso2-observability . --render-subchart-notes

  4. Make changes to the default settings of the chart if required. For information about configurable parameters, see Enterprise Integrator Observability - Configuration.

The above step deploys the basic deployment and displays instructions to access the dashboards. This deployment allows you to access both Prometheus and Grafana UIs, and provides you with ability to view and analyze metrics.

Option 2: Metrics + Log Monitoring

This deployment involves deploying Prometheus, Grafana, Loki, and Fluent-bit Daemon set with all the required configurations to integrate deployed products. To install the deployment using Helm, follow the steps below:

  1. Clone the Helm repository.

  2. Navigate to the home directory of the cloned repository.

  3. Open the values.yaml file and set the enabled parameter to true for Loki-stack as shown in the extract below.

    loki-stack:
     enabled: true
  4. To install the observability deployment including log processing capabilities with the wso2-observability release name, issue the following command.

    helm install wso2-observability . --render-subchart-notes

  5. Make changes to the default settings of the chart if required. For information about configurable parameters, see Enterprise Integrator Observability - Configuration.

Above steps deploy the observability solution with log processing capabilities and display instructions to access the dashboards. With this deployment you can access Prometheus and Grafana UIs.

Option 3: Metrics Monitoring + Message Tracing

This involves deploying Prometheus, Grafana, and Jaeger-operator with all the required configurations to integrate deployed products. To install the deployment using Helm, follow the steps below:

  1. Clone the Helm repository.

  2. Navigate to the home directory of the cloned repository.

  3. Open the values.yaml file and set the enabled parameter to true for Jaeger as shown in the extract below.

    jaeger:
     enabled: true
  4. To install the observability deployment including tracing capabilities with the wso2-observability release name, issue the following command.

    helm install wso2-observability . --render-subchart-notes

  5. Make changes to the default settings of the chart if required. For information about configurable parameters, see Enterprise Integrator Observability - Configuration.

The above steps deploy the observability solution with tracing capabilities and displays instructions to access the dashboards. With this deployment, you are able to access Prometheus, Grafana, and Jaeger UIs.

This deployment installs Jaeger-Operator. To install the Jaeger deployment, follow the steps in Jaeger Operator documentation - Creating a new instance and deploy the preferred Jaeger deployment.

Configuring Grafana to visualize tracing information

The Helm chart configures the Jaeger data source automatically. Therefore, unlike in Setting up Cloud Native Observability in a Virtual Machine, it is not required to add it manually. However to configure the links into Jaeger UI from the service-level dashboards, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. Access Grafana via localhost:3000 and sign in.
  2. Navigate to the settings section of the service level dashboard by clicking the cog wheel icon in the top right corner.

  3. Click Variable. This opens the following view.

    Variables view

  4. Edit the JaegerHost variable and provide your Jaeger query component hostname and port in the host:port syntax as shown below.

    constant options

  5. Click Save

You need to perform the above steps for all the service-level dashboards (i.e., Proxy Service dashboard, API Service Dashboard, and Inbound Endpoint dashboard).

Once Grafana is successfully configured to visualize statistics, you should be correctly redirected to the Jaeger UI from the Response Time widget of each service level dashboard as shown below.

jaeger ui

Option 4: Metrics + Logs + Message Tracing

To install the cloud native observability solution with logging and tracing capabilities in your Kubernetes cluster, follow the steps below:

  1. Clone the Helm repository.

  2. Navigate to the home directory of the cloned repository.

  3. Open the values.yaml file and set the enabled parameter to true for both Loki-stack and Jaeger as shown in the extract below.

    loki-stack:
     enabled: true
    jaeger:
     enabled: true
  4. To install the complete deployment with the wso2-observability release name, issue the following command.

    helm install wso2-observability . --render-subchart-notes

  5. Make changes to the default settings of the chart if required. For information about configurable parameters, see Enterprise Integrator Observability - Configuration.

The above step deploys the complete deployment and displays instructions to access the dashboards. This deployment allows you to access Prometheus, Grafana, and Jaeger UIs.

Setting up the Micro Integrator deployment

To integrate with the observability deployment, you are required to perform the following three main tasks in the EI containers:

Enabling observability for the Micro Integrator

  • Engaging the statistics publishing handler

    Add the following lines in the <PATH>/deployment.tomlfile in the Kubernetes project before creating your micro integrator image.

    [[synapse_handlers]]
    name="MetricHandler"
    class="org.wso2.micro.integrator.observability.metric.handler.MetricHandler"

    For more information about the Micro Integrator Kubernetes development flow, see [MI kubernetes guide].

  • Enabling the metrics endpoint

    Set an environment variable in the Kubernetes resource definition. You can either add that at the time of creating the project using the wizard. Alternatively, you can open the /integration_cr.yaml file in the Kubernetes project and add the following under the spec tag.

    env:
      - name: "JAVA_OPTS"
        value: "-DenablePrometheusApi=true"
  • Enabling discovery for Prometheus

    This allows Prometheus to discover Micro Integrator targets through service discovery methods. To achieve this, set the following pod level annotations to the Micro Integrator pod.

    • prometheus.io.wso2/path: /metric-service/metrics
    • prometheus.io.wso2/port: "9201"
    • prometheus.io.wso2/scrape: "true"

Configuring the Micro Integrator to publish logs

Tip

This step is only required if you have log processing capabilities in your observability deployment.

Once the above tasks are completed, the container that is being deployed through the integration Kubernetes resource emits metric data, and the Observability deployment can discover and start without further configuration.

Configuring EI pods to parse logs through Fluent-bit

To do this, set the following pod level annotation to the Micro Integrator pod.

fluentbit.io/parser: wso2

Configuring the Micro Integator to publish tracing information

Tip

This step is only required if you have message tracing capabilities in your observability deployment.

To configure the Micro Integrator to publish tracing information, add the following lines to the deployment.toml file in the Kubernetes project before creating your micro integrator container image.

[mediation]
flow.statistics.capture_all= true
stat.tracer.collect_payloads= true
stat.tracer.collect_mediation_properties= true

[opentracing]
enable = true
logs = true
manager_host = Manager_hostname
agent_host = Agent_hostname

Tip

Enter the host name of your Jaeger service as the value for manager_host and agent_host parameters.

These settings enable the tracing data instrumentation and publishing to a jaeger instance.

For more information about the Micro Integrator Kubernetes development flow, see MI kubernetes guide.

What's Next?

If you have successfully set up your anlaytics deployment, see the instructions on using the Grafana dashboards.

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