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Accessing Properties with XPath

The WSO2 Micro Integrator supports standard XPath functions and variables through its underlying XPath engine. The Micro Integrator also provides custom XPath functions and variables for accessing message properties.

XPath Extension Functions

In addition to standard XPath functions, the Micro Integrator supports the following custom functions for working with XPath expressions:

base64Encode() function

The base64Encode function returns the base64-encoded value of the specified string.

Syntax:

  • base64Encode(string value)
  • base64Encode(string value, string charset)

base64Decode() function

The base64Decode function returns the original value of the specified base64-encoded value.

Syntax:

  • base64Decode(string encodedValue)
  • base64Decode(string encodedValue , string charset)

get-property() function

The get-property() function allows any XPath expression used in a configuration to look up information from the current message context. Using the Property mediator, you can retrieve properties from the message context and header.

The syntax of the function takes the following format.

  • get-property(String propertyName)
  • get-property(String scope, String propertyName)

The function accepts scope as an optional parameter. It retrieves a message property at the given scope, which can be one of the following.

If you provide only the property name without the scope, the default s ynapse scope will be used.

Info

When the result of an XPath evaluation results in a single XML node, the evaluator will return the text content of this node by default (equivalent of doing /root/body/node/text()). If you want to retrieve the node itself, you can configure the Enrich mediator as shown in the following example.

<inSequence>
<log level="custom">
<property name="WHERE" value="before doing stuff"/>
</log>
<enrich>
<source type="body" clone="true"/>
<target type="property" property="ENRICH_PROPERTY"/>
</enrich>
<property name="PROPERTY_PROPERTY"
expression="$body/child::node()"
scope="default"/>
<log level="custom">
<property name="WHERE" value="before doing stuff"/>
<property name="ENRICH_PROPERTY" expression="get-property('ENRICH_PROPERTY')"/>
<property name="PROPERTY_PROPERTY" expression="get-property('PROPERTY_PROPERTY')"/>
</log>
<enrich>
<source type="property" clone="true" property="ENRICH_PROPERTY"/>
<target type="body" action="sibling"/>
</enrich>
<log level="full"/>
</inSequence>

Synapse scope

When the scope of a property mediator is synapse , its value is available throughout both the in sequence and the out sequence. In addition to the user-defined properties, you can retrieve the following special properties from the synapse scope.

Name Return Value
To Incoming URL as a String, or empty string («») if a To address is not defined.
From From address as a String, or empty string («») if a From address is not defined.
Action SOAP Addressing Action header value as a String, or empty string («») if an Action is not defined.
FaultTo SOAP FaultTo header value as a String, or empty string («») if a FaultTo address is not defined.
ReplyTo ReplyTo header value as a String, or empty string («») if a ReplyTo address is not defined.
MessageID A unique identifier (UUID) for the message as a String, or empty string («») if a MessageID is not defined. This ID is guaranteed to be unique.
FAULT TRUE if the message has a fault, or empty string if the message does not have a fault.
MESSAGE_FORMAT Returns pox, get, soap11, or soap12 depending on the message. If a message type is unknown this returns soap12
OperationName Operation name corresponding to the message. A proxy service with a WSDL can have different operations. If the WSDL is not defined, ESB defines fixed operations.

To access a property with the synapses cope inside the mediate() method of a mediator, you can include the following configuration in a custom mediator created using the Class mediator:

public boolean mediate(org.apache.synapse.MessageContext mc) {  
// Available in both in-sequence and out-sequenc  
String propValue = (String) mc.getProperty("PropName");  
System.out.println("SCOPE_SYNAPSE : " + propValue);  
return true;  
}

axis2 scope

When the scope of a property mediator is axis2 , its value is available only throughout the sequence for which the property is defined (e.g., if you add the property to an in sequence, its value will be available only throughout the in sequence). You can retrieve message context properties within the axis2 scope using the following syntax.

Syntax:
get-property('axis2', String propertyName)

To access a property with the axis2 scope inside the mediate() method of a mediator, you can include the following configuration in a custom mediator created using the Class mediator:

public boolean mediate(org.apache.synapse.MessageContext mc) {  
org.apache.axis2.context.MessageContext axis2MsgContext;  
axis2MsgContext = ((Axis2MessageContext) mc).getAxis2MessageContext();  

// Available only in the sequence the property is defined.  
String propValue = (String) axis2MsgContext.getProperty("PropName");  
System.out.println("SCOPE_AXIS2 : " + propValue);  
return true;  
} 

axis2-client

This is similar to the synapse scope. The difference is that it can be accessed inside the mediate() method of a mediator by including one of the following configurations in a custom mediator, created using the Class mediator :

public boolean mediate(org.apache.synapse.MessageContext mc) {  
org.apache.axis2.context.MessageContext axis2MsgContext;  
axis2MsgContext = ((Axis2MessageContext) mc).getAxis2MessageContext();  
String propValue = (String) axis2MsgContext.getProperty("PropName");  
System.out.println("SCOPE_AXIS2_CLIENT - 1 : " + propValue); 

or

propValue = (String) axis2MsgContext.getOptions().getProperty("PropName");  
System.out.println("SCOPE_AXIS2_CLIENT - 2: " + propValue);  
return true;  
}  

transport scope

When the scope of a property mediator is transport , it will be added to the transport header of the outgoing message from the ESB profile. You can retrieve message context properties within the transport scope using the following syntax.

Syntax:
get-property('transport', String propertyName)

registry scope

You can retrieve properties within the registry using the following syntax.

Syntax:
get-property('registry', String registryPath@propertyName)
get-property('registry', String registryPath)

system scope

You can retrieve Java System properties using the following syntax.

Syntax:
get-property('system', String propertyName)

operation scope

You can retrieve a property in the operation context level from the operation scope. The properties within iterated/cloned message with the operation scope are preserved in the in sequence even if you have configured your API resources to be sent through the fault sequence when faults exist. A given property with the operation scope only exists in a single request and can be accessed by a single resource. The properties in this scope are passed to the error handler when the FORCE_ERROR_ON_SOAP_FAULT property is set to true . See FORCE_ERROR_ON_SOAP_FAULT section in Generic Properties for more information.

Syntax:
get-property('operation', String propertyName)

url-encode() function

The url-encode function returns the URL-encoded value of the specified string.

Syntax:

  • url-encode(string value)
  • url-encode(string value, string charset)

Synapse XPath Variables

There is a set of predefined XPath variables that you can directly use to write XPaths in the Synapse configuration, instead of using the synapse:get-property() function . These XPath variables get properties of various scopes as follows:

$body

The SOAP 1.1 or 1.2 body element. For example, the expression $body//getQuote refers to the first getQuote element in a SOAP body, regardless of whether the message is SOAP-11 or SOAP-12. We have discussed an example below.

Example of $body usage:

  1. Deploy the following proxy service using instructions in Creating a Proxy Service.

    Note the property, <property xmlns:m0=" http://services.samples " name="stockprop" expression="$body//m0:getQuote"/> in the configuration. It is used to log the first <m0:getQuote> element of the request SOAP body.

    <proxy xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="StockQuoteProxy" transports="https,http" statistics="disable" trace="disable" startOnLoad="true">
       <target>
          <inSequence>
             <log>
                <property xmlns:m0="http://services.samples" name="stockprop" expression="$body//m0:getQuote"/>
             </log>
             <send>
                <endpoint>
                   <address uri="http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService"/>
                </endpoint>
             </send>
          </inSequence>
          <outSequence>
             <send/>
          </outSequence>
       </target>
       <description></description>
    </proxy> 
  2. Send the following StockQuote request:

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy
  3. Note the following message in the log.

    [2013-03-18 14:04:41,019] INFO - LogMediator To: /services/StockQuoteProxy, WSAction: urn:getQuote, SOAPAction: urn:getQuote, ReplyTo: http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous, MessageID: urn:uuid:930f68f5-199a-4eff-90d2-ea679c2362ab, Direction: request, stockprop = <m0:getQuotexmlns:m0="http://services.samples"><m0:request><m0:symbol>IBM</m0:symbol></m0:request></m0:getQuote>

The SOAP 1.1 or 1.2 header element. For example, the expression $header/wsa:To refers to the addressing To header regardless of whether this message is SOAP-11 or SOAP-12. We have discussed an example below.

Example of $header usage :

  1. Deploy the following proxy service using instructions in Creating a Proxy Service.

    Note the property, <property xmlns:wsa=" http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing " name="stockprop" expression="$header/wsa:To"/> in the configuration. It is used to log the value of wsa:To header of the SOAP request.

    <proxy xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="StockQuoteProxy" transports="https,http" statistics="disable" trace="disable" startOnLoad="true">
       <target>
          <inSequence>
             <log>
                <property xmlns:wsa="http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing" name="stockprop" expression="$header/wsa:To"/>
             </log>
             <send>
                <endpoint>
                   <address uri="http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService"/>
                </endpoint>
             </send>
          </inSequence>
          <outSequence>
             <send/>
          </outSequence>
       </target>
       <description></description>
    </proxy> 
  2. Send the following StockQuote request:

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy
  3. Note the following message in the log.

    [2013-03-18 14:14:16,356] INFO - LogMediator To: http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService, WSAction: urn:getQuote, SOAPAction: urn:getQuote, ReplyTo: http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous, MessageID: urn:uuid:8a64c9cb-b82f-4d6f-a45d-bef37f8b664a, Direction: request,
    stockprop = http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService

$axis2

Prefix for Axis2 MessageContext properties. This is used to get the property value at the axis2 scope. For example, to get the value of Axis2 message context property with name REST_URL_POSTFIX, use the XPath expression $axis2:REST_URL_POSTFIX. We have discussed an example below.

Example of $axis2 usage :

  1. Deploy the following proxy service. For instructions, see Creating a Proxy Service.

    Note the property, <property name="stockprop" expression="$axis2:REST_URL_POSTFIX"/> in the configuration which is used to log the REST_URL_POSTFIX value of the request message.

    <proxy xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="StockQuoteProxy" transports="https,http" statistics="disable" trace="disable" startOnLoad="true">
       <target>
          <inSequence>
             <log>
                <property name="stockprop" expression="$axis2:REST_URL_POSTFIX"/>
             </log>
             <send>
                <endpoint>
                  <address uri="http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService"/>
                </endpoint>
             </send>
          </inSequence>
          <outSequence>
             <send/>
          </outSequence>
       </target>
       <description></description>
    </proxy>
  2. Send the following StockQuote request:

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy/test/prefix
  3. Note the following message in the log.

    INFO - LogMediator To: http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy/test/prefix, WSAction: urn:getQuote, SOAPAction: urn:getQuote, ReplyTo: http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous, MessageID: urn:uuid:ecd228c5-106a-4448-9c83-3b1e957e2fe5, Direction: request, stockprop = /test/prefix

In this example, the property definition, <property name="stockprop" expression="$axis2:REST_URL_POSTFIX"/> is equivalent to <property name="stockprop" expression="get-property('axis2','REST_URL_POSTFIX')"/>

Similarly, you can use $axis2 prefix with HTTP Transport Properties.

$ctx

Prefix for Synapse MessageContext properties and gets a property at the default scope. For example, to get the value of Synapse message context property with name ERROR_MESSAGE, use the XPath expression $ctx:ERROR_MESSAGE. We have discussed an example below.

Example of $ctx usage:

This example sends a request to a sample proxy service, and sets the target endpoint to a non-existent endpoint reference key. It causes a mediation fault, which triggers the fault sequence.

  1. Deploy the following proxy service. For instructions, see Creating a Proxy Service.

    Note the property, <property name="stockerrorprop" expression="$ctx:ERROR\_MESSAGE"/\> in the fault sequence configuration. It is used to log the error message that occurs due to a  mediation fault.

    <proxy xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="StockQuoteProxy" transports="https,http" statistics="disable" trace="disable" startOnLoad="true">
       <target>
          <inSequence>
            <send>
                <endpoint key="ep2"/>
             </send>
          </inSequence>
          <outSequence>
             <send/>
          </outSequence>
          <faultSequence>
             <log>
                <property name="stockerrorprop" expression="$ctx:ERROR_MESSAGE"/>
                <property name="Cause" expression="get-property('ERROR_MESSAGE')"/>
             </log>
          </faultSequence>
       </target>
       <description></description>
    </proxy> 
  2. Send the following StockQuote request:

    ant stockquote -Dtrpurl=http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy
  3. Note the following message in the log.

    INFO - LogMediator To: /services/StockQuoteProxy, WSAction: urn:getQuote, SOAPAction: urn:getQuote, ReplyTo: http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous, MessageID: urn:uuid:54205f7d-359b-4e82-9099-0f8e3bf9d014, Direction: request, stockerrorprop = Couldn't find the endpoint with the key : ep2 

In this example, the property definition, \<property name="stockerrorprop" expression="$ctx:ERROR_MESSAGE"/> is equivalent to \<property name="stockerrorprop" expression="get-property('ERROR_MESSAGE')"/>.

Similarly, you can use $ctx prefix with Generic Properties .

$trp

Prefix used to get the transport headers. For example, to get the transport header named Content-Type of the current message, use the XPath expression $trp:Content-Type . HTTP transport headers are not case sensitive. Therefore, $trp:Content-Type and $trp:CONTENT-TYPE are regarded as the same. We have discussed an example below.

Example of $trp usage:

  1. Deploy the following proxy service. For instructions, see Creating a Proxy Service.

    Note the property, \<property name="stockprop" expression="$trp:Content-Type"/> in the configuration, which is used to log the Content-Type HTTP header of the request message.

    <proxy xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="StockQuoteProxy" transports="https,http" statistics="disable" trace="disable" startOnLoad="true">
       <target>
          <inSequence>
             <log>
                 <property name="stockprop" expression="$trp:Content-Type"/>
             </log>
             <send>
                <endpoint>
                   <address uri="http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService"/>
                </endpoint>
             </send>
          </inSequence>
          <outSequence>
             <send/>
          </outSequence>
       </target>
       <description></description>
    </proxy> 
  2. Send the following StockQuote request:

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy
  3. Note the following message in the log.

    [2013-03-18 12:23:14,101] INFO - LogMediator To: http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy, WSAction: urn:getQuote, SOAPAction: urn:getQuote, ReplyTo: http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous, MessageID: urn:uuid:25a3143a-5b18-4cbb-b8e4-27d4dd1895d2, Direction: request, stockprop = text/xml; charset=UTF-8 

In this example, the property definition, \<property name="stockprop" expression="$trp:Content-Type"/> is equivalent to \<property name="stockprop" expression="get-property('transport','Content-Type')"/>. Similarly, you can use $trp prefix with HTTP Transport Properties .

$url

The prefix used to get the URI element of a request URL.

Example of $url usage:

  1. Create a REST API with the following configuration using instructions given in page Working with APIs.

    <api xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="Editing" context="/editing">
       <resource methods="GET" uri-template="/edit?a={symbol}&b={value}">
          <inSequence>
             <log level="full">
                <property name="SYMBOL" expression="$url:a"></property>
                <property name="VALUE" expression="$url:b"></property>
             </log>
             <respond></respond>
          </inSequence>
       </resource>
    </api>
  2. Send a request to the REST API you created using a browser as follows:

    http://10.100.5.73:8280/editing/edit?a=wso2&b=2.4

    You will see the following in the log:

    LogMediator To: /editing/edit?a=wso2&b=2.4, MessageID: urn:uuid:36cb5ad7-f150-490d-897a-ee7b86a9307d, Direction: request, SYMBOL = wso2, VALUE = 2.4, Envelope: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope"><soapenv:Body></soapenv:Body></soapenv:Envelope>

$func

The prefix used to refer to a particular parameter value passed externally by an invoker such as the Call Template Mediator .

Example of $func usage:

  1. Add a sequence template with the following configuration. See Adding a New Sequence Template for detailed instructions.

    <template xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse" name="HelloWordLogger">
       <sequence>
          <log level="full">
             <property xmlns:ns2="http://org.apache.synapse/xsd" xmlns:ns="http://org.apache.synapse/xsd" name="message" expression="$func:message"></property>
          </log>
       </sequence>
    </template>
  2. Deploy the following proxy service. For instructions, see Creating a Proxy Service.

    <proxy xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse"
           name="StockQuoteProxy"
           transports="https,http"
           statistics="disable"
           trace="disable"
           startOnLoad="true">
       <target>
          <inSequence>
             <call-template target="HelloWorldLogger">
                <with-param name="message" value="HelloWorld"/>
             </call-template>
             <log/>
          </inSequence>
          <outSequence>
             <send/>
          </outSequence>
          <endpoint>
             <address uri="http://localhost:9000/services/SimpleStockQuoteService"/>
          </endpoint>
       </target>
       <description/>
    </proxy>
  3. Send the following StockQuote request:

    ant stockquote -Daddurl=http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy
  4. Note the following message in the log.

    LogMediator To: http://localhost:8280/services/StockQuoteProxy, WSAction: urn:getQuote, SOAPAction: urn:getQuote, ReplyTo: http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous, MessageID: urn:uuid:8d90e21b-b5cc-4a02-98e2-24b324fa704c, Direction: request, message = HelloWorld

$env

Prefix used to get a SOAP 1.1 or 1.2 envelope level element. For example, to get the body element from the SOAP envelope, use the expression $env/*[local-name()='Body'] .

Example of $env usage:

  1. Create an API with the following configuration. For information on how to create an API, see Working with APIs.

    <api context="/soapEnvelopeTest" name="SoapEnvelopeTest">
            <resource url-mapping="/*">
                <inSequence>
                    <loopback/>
                </inSequence>
                <outSequence>
                    <property name="messageType" scope="axis2" value="application/xml"/>
                    <payloadFactory media-type="xml">
                        <format>
                            <theData xmlns="http://some.namespace">
                                <item>$1</item>
                            </theData>
                        </format>
                        <args>
                            <arg evaluator="xml" expression="$env/*[local-name()='Body']/*[local-name()='jsonObject']/*"/>
                    </payloadFactory>
                    <property name="messageType" scope="axis2" value="application/json"/>
                    <send/>
                </outSequence>
            </resource>
    </api>
  2. Send a post request to the API you created (i.e., http://localhost:8280/soapEnvelopeTest), with the following json payload using a rest client.

    {"content":{ "paramA": "ValueA", "paramB": "valueB" }}

    You will receive the following response:

    {"theData":{"item":{"content":{"paramA":"ValueA","paramB":"valueB"}}}}
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