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Amazon S3 Connector Example

The AmazonS3 Connector allows you to access the REST API of Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3).

What you'll build

This example depicts how to use AmazonS3 connector to:

  1. Create a S3 bucket (a location for storing your data) in Amazon cloud.
  2. Upload a message into the created bucket as a text file.
  3. Retrieve created text file back and convert into a message in WSO2 EI integration.

All three operations are exposed via an API. The API with the context /s3connector has three resources:

  • /createbucket - Once invoked, it will create a bucket in Amazon with the specified name
  • /addobject - The incoming message will be stored into the specified bucket with the specified name
  • /info - Once invoked, it will read the specified file from the specified bucket and respond with the content of the file

Following diagram shows the overall solution. The user creates a bucket, stores some message into the bucket, and then receives it back.

To invoke each operation, the user uses the same API.

Amazon S3 use case

If you do not want to configure this yourself, you can simply get the project and run it.

Setting up the environment

Please follow the steps mentioned at Setting up Amazon S3 document in order to create a Amazon S3 account and obtain credentials you need to access the Amazon APIs. Keep them saved to be used in the next steps.

Configure the connector in WSO2 Integration Studio

Follow these steps to set up the Integration Project and import AmazonS3 connector into it.

{!references/connectors/importing-connector-to-integration-studio-copy.md!}

  1. Right click on the created Integration Project and select, -> New -> Rest API to create the REST API. Adding a Rest API

  2. Specify the API name as S3ConnectorTestAPI and API context as /s3connector. You can go to the source view of the XML configuration file of the API and copy the following configuration.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<api context="/s3connector" name="S3ConnectorTestAPI" xmlns="http://ws.apache.org/ns/synapse">
    <resource methods="PUT" uri-template="/createbucket">
        <inSequence>
            <log description="identifier log" level="custom">
                <property name="message" value="Create bucket if not exists"/>
            </log>
            <propertyGroup description="message inputs">
                <property expression="//bucketName" name="bucketName" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
                <property expression="fn:concat('http://s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/',get-property('bucketName'))" name="bucketUrl" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
                <property expression="//bucketRegion" name="bucketRegion" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            </propertyGroup> 
            <amazons3.init>
                <accessKeyId>AKICJA4J6GE6D6JSVB7B</accessKeyId>
                <secretAccessKey>H/P/H6Tey2fQODHAU1JBbl/NhL/WpSaEkebvLlp4</secretAccessKey>
                <region>us-east-2</region>
                <methodType>{$ctx:REST_METHOD}</methodType>
                <addCharset>false</addCharset>
                <host>s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com</host>
                <isXAmzDate>true</isXAmzDate>
                <bucketName>{$ctx:bucketName}</bucketName>
                <expect>100-continue</expect>
                <xAmzAcl>public-read</xAmzAcl>
            </amazons3.init>
            <amazons3.createBucket>
                <bucketUrl>{$ctx:bucketUrl}</bucketUrl>
                <bucketRegion>{$ctx:bucketRegion}</bucketRegion>
            </amazons3.createBucket>
            <respond/>
        </inSequence>
        <outSequence/>
        <faultSequence/>
    </resource>
    <resource methods="POST PUT" uri-template="/addobject">
        <inSequence>
            <log description="identifier log" level="custom">
                <property name="message" value="Store into S3 bucket"/>
            </log>
            <propertyGroup description="message properties">
                <property expression="//bucketName/text()" name="targetBucketName" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
                <property expression="//message/text()" name="msgContent" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
                <property expression="//objectName" name="objectName" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            </propertyGroup> 
            <propertyGroup description="init properties">
                <property name="accessKeyId" scope="default" type="STRING" value="AKIAJA3J6GE646JSVA7A"/>
                <property name="secretAccessKey" scope="default" type="STRING" value="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"/>
                <property expression="fn:concat(get-property('targetBucketName'),'.','s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com')" name="host" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
                <property expression="fn:concat('http://',get-property('targetBucketName'),'.s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com')" name="bucketUrl" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
                <property name="region" scope="default" type="STRING" value="us-east-2"/>
                <property name="ContentType" scope="axis2" type="STRING" value="application/xml"/>
                <property name="addCharset" scope="default" type="STRING" value="false"/>
                <property name="isXAmzDate" scope="default" type="STRING" value="true"/>
            </propertyGroup> 
            <!-- initialize multiPart upload -->
            <property name="methodType" scope="default" type="STRING" value="POST"/>
            <amazons3.init>
                <accessKeyId>{$ctx:accessKeyId}</accessKeyId>
                <secretAccessKey>{$ctx:secretAccessKey}</secretAccessKey>
                <region>{$ctx:region}</region>
                <methodType>{$ctx:methodType}</methodType>
                <contentType>{$ctx:ContentType}</contentType>
                <addCharset>{$ctx:addCharset}</addCharset>
                <host>{$ctx:host}</host>
                <isXAmzDate>{$ctx:isXAmzDate}</isXAmzDate>
                <expect>100-continue</expect>
            </amazons3.init>
            <amazons3.initMultipartUpload>
                <bucketUrl>{$ctx:bucketUrl}</bucketUrl>
                <objectName>{$ctx:objectName}</objectName>
            </amazons3.initMultipartUpload>
            <!-- We need to interpret the response as application/xml-->
            <property name="ContentType" scope="axis2" type="STRING" value="application/xml"/>
            <log level="full"/>
            <!-- Extract generated uploadId -->
            <property expression="$body//m0:UploadId" name="uploadId" scope="default" type="STRING" xmlns:m0="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/"/>
            <log level="custom">
                <property expression="$ctx:uploadId" name="uploadId"/>
            </log>
            <!-- execute multiPart upload -->
            <property name="methodType" scope="default" type="STRING" value="PUT"/>
            <amazons3.init>
                <accessKeyId>{$ctx:accessKeyId}</accessKeyId>
                <secretAccessKey>{$ctx:secretAccessKey}</secretAccessKey>
                <region>{$ctx:region}</region>
                <methodType>{$ctx:methodType}</methodType>
                <contentType>{$ctx:ContentType}</contentType>
                <addCharset>{$ctx:addCharset}</addCharset>
                <host>{$ctx:host}</host>
                <isXAmzDate>{$ctx:isXAmzDate}</isXAmzDate>
                <expect>100-continue</expect>
            </amazons3.init>
            <!--Create body of the message to upload-->
            <payloadFactory media-type="text">
                <format>$1</format>
                <args>
                    <arg evaluator="xml" expression="$ctx:msgContent"/>
                </args>
            </payloadFactory>
            <property name="partNumber" scope="default" type="STRING" value="1"/>
            <amazons3.uploadPart>
                <bucketUrl>{$ctx:bucketUrl}</bucketUrl>
                <objectName>{$ctx:objectName}</objectName>
                <uploadId>{$ctx:uploadId}</uploadId>
                <partNumber>{$ctx:partNumber}</partNumber>
            </amazons3.uploadPart>
            <property expression="$trp:ETag" name="eTag" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            <log level="custom">
                <property expression="$trp:ETag" name="eTag"/>
            </log>
            <payloadFactory media-type="xml">
                <format>
                    <partDetails xmlns="">
                        <Part>
                            <PartNumber>1</PartNumber>
                            <ETag>$1</ETag>
                        </Part>
                    </partDetails>
                </format>
                <args>
                    <arg evaluator="xml" expression="$ctx:eTag"/>
                </args>
            </payloadFactory>
            <!--complete multiPart upload-->
            <property name="methodType" scope="default" type="STRING" value="POST"/>
            <amazons3.init>
                <accessKeyId>{$ctx:accessKeyId}</accessKeyId>
                <secretAccessKey>{$ctx:secretAccessKey}</secretAccessKey>
                <methodType>{$ctx:methodType}</methodType>
                <contentType>{$ctx:contentType}</contentType>
                <addCharset>{$ctx:addCharset}</addCharset>
                <isXAmzDate>{$ctx:isXAmzDate}</isXAmzDate>
                <bucketName>{$ctx:bucketName}</bucketName>
            </amazons3.init>
            <amazons3.completeMultipartUpload>
                <bucketUrl>{$ctx:bucketUrl}</bucketUrl>
                <objectName>{$ctx:objectName}</objectName>
                <uploadId>{$ctx:uploadId}</uploadId>
                <partDetails>{//partDetails/*}</partDetails>
            </amazons3.completeMultipartUpload>
            <respond/>
        </inSequence>
        <outSequence/>
        <faultSequence/>
    </resource>
    <resource methods="POST" uri-template="/info">
        <inSequence>
            <log description="identifier log" level="custom">
                <property name="message" value="getting information from amazon S3"/>
            </log>
            <property name="contentType" scope="default" type="STRING" expression="$axis2:ContentType"/>
            <property expression="//bucketName/text()" name="targetBucketName" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            <property expression="//objectName/text()" name="objectName" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            <property expression="fn:concat('http://',get-property('targetBucketName'),'.s3-us-east-2.amazonaws.com')" name="bucketUrl" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            <property expression="fn:concat(get-property('targetBucketName'),'.s3-us-east-2.amazonaws.com')" name="host" scope="default" type="STRING"/>
            <amazons3.init>
                <accessKeyId>AKIAJA3J6GE646JSVA7A</accessKeyId>
                <secretAccessKey>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</secretAccessKey>
                <region>us-east-2</region>
                <methodType>GET</methodType>
                <contentType>{$ctx:contentType}</contentType>
                <addCharset>false</addCharset>
                <host>{$ctx:host}</host>
                <isXAmzDate>true</isXAmzDate>
            </amazons3.init>
            <amazons3.getObject>
                <bucketUrl>{$ctx:bucketUrl}</bucketUrl>
                <objectName>{$ctx:objectName}</objectName>
            </amazons3.getObject>
            <respond/>
        </inSequence>
        <outSequence/>
        <faultSequence/>
    </resource>
</api>

Note:

  • As accessKeyId use the access key obtained from Amazon S3 setup and update the above API configuration.
  • As secretAccessKey use the secret key obtained from Amazon S3 setup and update the above API configuration.
  • Note that When you configure the addobject resource, there are three parts to it. You need to use three operations of the connector in order.
    • initMultipartUpload - initialize the upload to the bucket. In the response of this operation you will receive generated uploadId by amazon S3
    • uploadPart - upload message part. There can be multiple parts to the same object. When you invoke the operation, feed uploadId and the correct partNumber.
    • completeMultipartUpload - once all parts are done uploading, call this operation. It will add up all the parts and create the object in the requested bucket.
  • Note that region at host and bucketUrl properties are hard coded. Please change them as per the requirement.
  • For more information please refer the reference guide for Amazon S3 connector.

Now we can export the imported connector and the API into a single CAR application. CAR application is the one we are going to deploy to server runtime.

{!references/connectors/exporting-artifacts-copy.md!}

Now the exported CApp can be deployed in Enterprise Integrator Runtime so that we can run it and test.

Get the project

You can download the ZIP file and extract the contents to get the project code.

Download ZIP

Tip

You may need to update the value of the access key and make other such changes before deploying and running this project.

Deployment

Follow these steps to deploy the exported CApp in the Enterprise Integrator Runtime.

{!references/connectors/deploy-capp-copy.md!}

Testing

We can use Curl or Postman to try the API. The testing steps are provided for curl. Steps for Postman should be straightforward and can be derived from the curl requests.

Creating a bucket in Amazon S3

  1. Create a file called data.xml with the following content. Note that the bucket region is us-east-2. If you need to create the bucket in a different region, modify the hard coded region of the API configuration accordingly.
    <createBucket>
        <bucketName>wso2engineers</bucketName>
        <bucketRegion>us-east-2</bucketRegion>
    </createBucket>
  2. Invoke the API as shown below using the curl command. Curl Application can be downloaded from here.

    curl -H "Content-Type: application/xml" --request PUT --data @data.xml http://127.0.0.1:8290/s3connector/createbucket
    Expected Response:

    You should receive 200OK response. Please navigate to Amazon AWS S3 console[s3.console.aws.amazon.com] and see if a bucket called wso2engineers is created. If you tried to create a bucket with a name that already exists, it will reply back with a message indicating the conflict.

    Creating Amazon S3 bucket

Post a message into Amazon S3 bucket

  1. Create a file called data.xml with the following content.
    <addMessage>
        <objectName>Julian.txt</objectName>
        <bucketName>wso2engineers</bucketName>
        <message>Julian Garfield, Software Engineer, Integration Group</message>
    </addMessage>
  2. Invoke the API as shown below using the curl command. Curl Application can be downloaded from here.
    curl -H "Content-Type: application/xml" --request POST --data @data.xml http://127.0.0.1:8290/s3connector/addobject
    Expected Response: You will receive a response like below containing the details of the object created.
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <CompleteMultipartUploadResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
        <Location>http://wso2engineers.s3.amazonaws.com/Julian.txt</Location>
        <Bucket>wso2engineers</Bucket>
        <Key>Julian.txt</Key>
        <ETag>&quot;2b492c33895569c5c06cd7942f42914f-1&quot;</ETag>
    </CompleteMultipartUploadResult>
    Navigate to AWS S3 console and click on the bucket wso2engineers. You will note that a file has been created with the name Julian.txt. Upload object to Amazon S3 bucket

Read objects from Amazon S3 bucket

Now let us read the information on wso2engineers that we stored in the Amazon S3 bucket.

  1. Create a file called data.xml with the following content. It specifies which bucket to read from and what the filename is. This example assumes that the object is stored at root level inside the bucket. You can also read a object stored in a folder inside the bucket.
    <getObject>
    <objectName>Julian.txt</objectName>
    <bucketName>wso2engineers</bucketName>
    </getObject>
  2. Invoke the API as shown below using the curl command.

    curl -H "Content-Type: application/xml" --request POST --data @data.xml http://127.0.0.1:8290/s3connector/info
    Expected Response: You will receive a response like below containing the details of the engineer requested.

    Julian Garfield, Software Engineer, Integration Group

In this example Amazon S3 connector is used to perform operations with Amazon S3 storage. You can receive details of the errors that occur when invoking S3 operations using the S3 responses itself. Please read the Amazon S3 connector reference guide to learn more about the operations you can perform with the Amazon S3 connector.

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