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Architecture

Stream integration refers to collecting, processing and, integrate or acting on data generated during business activities by various sources. This description is paramount when designing a solution to address a streaming integration use case.

  • Collecting: Receiving or capturing data from various data sources.

  • Processing: Manipulation of data to identify interesting patterns and to extract information.

  • Integrating: Making processed data available for consumers to consume in an expected format via a given protocol or a medium.

  • Acting: Taking actions based on the results and findings done via processing the data. The action can be executing some random code, calling an external service, or triggering a complex integration.

The Streaming Integrator architecture reflects this natural flow in its design as illustrated below.

Streaming Integrator/ Architecture

The Streaming Integrator contains Siddhi.io as its core to collect, and 60+ connectors to connect with various sources and destinations. The following are the major components and constructs of the Streaming Integrator.

Source

The source is the construct that is used in Siddhi to receive data from an external source. A stream must be attached to the source so that the data received at the source is passed into the stream to be accessed in subsequent queries. A source handles all the transport-related functionality when connecting to a data source.

Source Mapper

Data received by the source is passed into the source mappers and it maps incoming data to a format understandable by the Siddhi engine.

Siddhi

Siddhi is a stream processing library written in Java. Users can write stream processing logic in the Siddhi Query Language (SiddhiQL). The Siddhi engine can run such queries against continuous streams of data.

Siddhi App

A Siddhi application is a flat-file with siddhi extensions. It includes stream processing logic written in SiddhiQL. This is the deployable artifact in Siddhi which developers compile by writing stream processing logic.

SiddhiQL

An SQL-like language that lets users write stream processing logic that can be read by the Siddhi engine.

Store API

A REST API hosted in the SI server to let users fetch data stored in a persistent store or in-memory on-demand using ad-hoc siddhi queries.

Sink

The sink is a construct in Siddhi that publishes data to an external destination. You can attach a stream to a sink so that all the events flowing through this stream are published via the sink. The sink handles all transport-related functionality.

Sink Mapper

Event streams to be published in an external destination have to be mapped to a data format (e.g., JSON, XML) required by the destination. The sink mapper does this mapping.

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