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Observing a Service with Prometheus

There are mainly two systems involved in collecting and visualizing the metrics. Prometheus is used to collect the metrics from the Ballerina service and Grafana can connect to Prometheus and visualize the metrics in the dashboard.

To understand how you can observe Ballerina services, let’s consider the Healthcare Service used in the Quick Start Guide.

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As inferred by the above image, we will be getting metrics using Prometheus and displaying it using Grafana.

Set up the project

  1. Open VS Code.

    Tip: Download and install VS Code if you do not have it already. Find the extension for Ballerina in the VS Code marketplace if you do not have it. This extension is called Ballerina. For instructions on installing and using it, see The Visual Studio Code Extension.

  2. Press Command + Shift + P in Mac or Ctrl + Shift + P in Linux and the following page appears.

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Select the template "Quick Start Guide", and your project will load.

Add the following configurations for metrics in the ballerina.conf file.


Set up Prometheus

Step 1: Create a prometheus.yml file in /tmp/ directory.

Step 2: Add the following content to /tmp/prometheus.yml.

  scrape_interval:     15s
  evaluation_interval: 15s

  - job_name: 'prometheus'
      - targets: ['a.b.c.d:9797']

Here the targets 'a.b.c.d:9797' should contain the host and port of the /metrics service that's exposed from Ballerina for metrics collection. Add the IP of the host in which the Ballerina service is running as a.b.c.d and its port (default 9797). In this case, you can use your own IP address to try this.

Tip: If you need more information refer official documentation of Prometheus.

Step 3: Start the Prometheus server in a Docker container with below command.

$ docker run -p 19090:9090 -v /tmp/prometheus.yml:/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml prom/prometheus

Step 4: Go to http://localhost:19090/ and check whether you can see the Prometheus graph. Ballerina metrics should appear in Prometheus graph's metrics list when Ballerina service is started.

Set up Grafana

Let’s use Grafana to visualize metrics in a dashboard. For this, we need to install Grafana, and configure Prometheus as a datasource. Follow the below provided steps and configure Grafana.

Step 1: Start Grafana as Docker container with below command.

$ docker run -d --name=grafana -p 3000:3000 grafana/grafana
For more information refer Grafana in Docker Hub.

Step 2: Go to http://localhost:3000/ to access the Grafana dashboard running on Docker.

Step 3: Log in to the dashboard with default user, username: admin and password: admin

Step 4: Add Prometheus as datasource with Browser access configuration as provided below. See Grafana documentation regarding Prometheus for more information on how to do this.

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  • Use Prometheus as the Name of the datasource.
  • In the HTTP section, enter http://localhost:19090 as the URL.
  • Choose Browser from the Access dropdown list.
  • Click Save & Test to see if the connection works.

Step 5: Import the Grafana dashboard designed to visualize Ballerina metrics from See Grafana documentation regarding exporting and importing dashboards for more information on how to do this. This dashboard consists of service and client invocation level metrics in near real-time view.

Visualizing metrics on Grafana

Ballerina HTTP Service Metrics Dashboard Panel will be as below.

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